A Food & Travel Blog

The Last of the Originals – Laucke Flour Mills

25/07/2012 | By

Earlier this year I spent an afternoon in a sourdough baking class with Gabriella of The Hills Baking School.  I love baking and have baked much of our bread, rolls and focaccia over the years but had been attempting – unsuccessfully – to make the leap into sourdough baking.  Gabriella is a microbiologist with a Ph.D in probiotics whose unrequited yearning for the distinctive handmade breads of her Sardinian childhood married up with her interest in fermentation and ultimately led to a complete career change.  She now runs a successful boutique sourdough bakery whose products are produced in very limited numbers, but are sublime in the extreme – if you’ll excuse my hyperbole.

As part of her business she also conducts popular baking classes for small groups and I was very pleased indeed to finally get into one.  Gabriella’s knowledge of fermentations, flour, sourdough baking techniques and the microbiology behind this ancient domestic skill are mind boggling and matched only by her enthusiasm in communicating some small part of this information to as many people as she can reach.  The classes are intensive and information-dense, but I came away with some of her starter, a much better understanding of sourdough and the ability to produce a very satisfactory loaf at home – finally.

We met up again after the class and chatted about planning a visit to the source of her and my flour supplies – South Australia’s only remaining industry-founding and traditional family owned/operated flour mill, Laucke‘s.  Milling was once a thriving business here in South Australia, with each region or town having it’s own mill and this continued to be the case until as recently as the 1950’s when larger multinational milling companies began to move in, creating the kind of competition that smaller, family owned millers couldn’t match.  Laucke’s is the last of the original family owned milling businesses left in Australia.

It took us some time, but yesterday we met up in Strathalbyn, the South Australian home of Laucke’s (they have a mill in Victoria now, too) and were fortunate enough to spend the morning in the company of Mark Laucke, Managing Director of Laucke Flour Milling.    Mark is possessed of an astonishing repository of information on all aspects of wheat, it’s properties and how best to extract them and is no less passionate about sharing his knowledge.  Mark was enormously generous with his time and, mindful of what a remarkable opportunity this was, I tried to absorb as much as possible from both of these inimitable intellects.

What came across most clearly is what a complex ingredient flour and the wheat it is made of really is.  Wheat is rich in protein, complex carbohydrates and nutrients but the quality and amounts of these will vary dependent upon a great many factors.  The variety of wheat is not the only factor to consider – as the region in which it is grown, the soil type, the soil additions which are used and the rainfall will all impact significantly on the nutrient level of the grain.  The nutrient level of the flour made will be further impacted by the milling methods used, with much commercial flour being produced with quantity more than quality as the over-riding imperative.

Mark is a passionate baker as well as miller and is determined to produce a high quality product for his customers.  After blending, cleaning and conditioning the grain (moistening it slightly with water) Laucke’s use  a three stage system of sieves and rollers which is designed to reduce the grain, resulting in various flours – depending upon their intended purpose – without damaging the wheat germ or compromising the nutrient content of the flour.

After we had our chat with Mark we went on a tour of the mill which is a thrillingly active and noisy place.  It exudes a slight air of danger from the rapidly moving machines and offered a frisson of fear from my recently acquired knowledge that flour dust is more explosive than petrol fumes!   As we wandered around the mill, trailing after Mark through a dusty haze, we were able to see the progress of the grain as it passed through the various stages and follow it’s path from the conditioning troughs right through to the packing area.  Mark’s is a man who wears his heart on his sleeve and his commitment to his product and his clients is genuine and sincere.  I’ve used Laucke’s Wallaby flour for years now and was thrilled to see that my baking outcome is just as important to Mark Laucke as is that of his commercial bakery customers.

Laucke’s have kindly allowed me to include one of the recipes from their website to which my family has become particularly attached – their cinnamon scrolls.  These are guaranteed to have everyone falling over themselves in the rush to get to them.  I prefer to use butter instead of margarine, though, and sometimes make up a double batch and freeze half for later – if I can claw them away from the starving hordes.

Laucke’s Cinnamon Scrolls  
  • Dough
  • 400g Laucke Wallaby Flour
  • 6g Laucke Bakers Yeast
  • 50g White Sugar
  • 3g Salt
  • 60g Egg
  • 40g Softened Margarine
  • 90ml Milk
  • 65ml Water
  • Filling
  • 220g Brown Sugar
  • 7g Ground Cinnamon
  • 115g Softened Margarine
  • Raisins (optional)
  1. Dough
  2. Heat the milk in a small saucepan until it bubbles, and then remove from heat. Mix in margarine, stir until melted. Let cool until lukewarm
  3. In a large mixing bowl, combine approx 2 ¼ cups of Laucke Flour, the required amount of Laucke Bakers Yeast, sugar and salt then mix well. Add the water, egg and milk and beat well. Add the remaining Laucke Flour, ½ cup at a time, stirring well after each addition.
  4. When the dough has just come together, turn it out onto a lightly floured surface and knead until smooth. Approximately 5 minutes. MIXING AND KNEADING
  5. Cover the dough with a damp cloth and leave to rest for 10 minutes.
  6. Filling
  7. In a small bowl, mix together brown sugar, cinnamon and softened margarine
  8. Roll out dough into a 30cm x 20cm rectangle. Spread dough with filling mixture. Sprinkle with raisins if desired
  9. Roll up dough and pinch seam to seal. Cut into 12 equal size rolls and place cut side up in 12 lightly oiled muffin trays
  10. Cover and let rise until doubled in size, about 30 minutes. PROOFING
  11. Bake in a preheated oven 190 ̊C for 20 minutes, or until browned. Remove from the muffin pan to cool.
  12. Serve warm or top with icing.

For loads of information on Laucke’s, their history, products and more delicious recipes head over to their website here.






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  1. InTolerant Chef

    Its great to hear about a thriving business that’s beat out the Big Boys without compromising quality. I love to hear these type of stories.

  2. Jennifer @ Delicieux

    It’s such a shame that we are losing more and more of these family run businesses. However it’s really wonderful to see businesses like Laucke flourishing. Sounds like you had a wonderfully informative day Amanda, and those cinnamon scrolls look fantastic. I’d love one with the cup of tea I’m having now.

  3. Maureen @ Orgasmic Chef

    I really like Laucke flour but I never know how to pronounce the name. 🙂 Doesn’t stop me from buying it, however. Great post!

  4. Hotly Spiced

    Wow! That sure is a career change. I love the sound of the Wallaby flour. One wonders what that would look and taste like. I love cinnamon scrolls and those look so incredible. Sigh. I would love to have been there to sample one of those xx

  5. tania@mykitchenstories.com.au

    It is gratifying to know that there are still passionate artisans producing amazing products and that they aren’t motivated by the Woolworths mentality. Thank God for the Mark’s of this world

  6. Erin @ she cooks, she gardens

    My partner Paul has been getting into baking a bit lately and has become quite the sourdough master. I’ve been enjoying pizza bases and hearty loaves on a fairly regular basis now and am trying hard not to take it all for granted. It was interesting to read about the quality of the wheat and how it can make a real difference to the loaf, I know that there were many failures (in both the loaf and the starter) before he found the right flour, I will have to mention Laucke to him next time he needs to replenish his supplies.

  7. Gabriella @ Hills Baking

    Great article Amanda! Thank you for your compliments on Hills Baking. Laucke Flour Mills produces an astonishing variety of professional flours (I think the range encompasses over 50 types), from artisan bread to the finest pastry flours. They also customise flours to meet specific product requirements. The local SA baking industry would do better in tapping more into this amazing source right here in SA.

  8. celia

    Amanda, how cool to have a mill tour! And I’m not sure what’s going on – I’ve been subscribing to your blog, but not getting your feed! I’ve tried again – fingers crossed this time!

  9. Amanda

    Celia – I seem to be having all sorts of problems with that stuff and no idea how to sort it out. My Google Notifications doesn’t work at all either – I need a technophile in my life. Sigh.

  10. lizzie @ strayedtable

    I love freshly ground flour, as unpredictable as it sometimes can be in the Queensland climate. Love the look of the cinnamon scrolls

  11. Ann

    Amanda, I would love to take these fresh to work one day for morning tea. Do you think it would work if I were to put the rolls in the fridge at step 10 and bake in the morning after bringing to room temp (approx)?

  12. Amanda

    Yep – it would work very well, but you might need an hour or two to get them up to room temp, depending upon the weather.

  13. McIntosh family

    We just stumbled upon your blog and this article when doing some research for our website.

    Laucke’s are a terrific company to work with – we are certified organic cereal growers, and for the past 25 years, every grain we produce is sold to Laucke’s.

    We highly recommend their organic flours 🙂